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百利天下英语词汇精讲
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1. cardiac 

cardi-/card/cord  心脏,一致

-ac adj/N  有....的,患...的

 man-人的 maniac 

 in-不 som-睡眠 insomniac 

cardiac disease

cardiagram -gram(图画)

cardiagraph -graph(图画)

cardiology -logy(学课)logical(学科的) logist(学者)

anthrop=man anthropology

geology geography

biology;psychology

botany;geometry;arithmetic

accord  sth to sb/sth;accord with sth

accordance

concord

record ;recorder

core 核心、果心

-ial adj cordial 

discord discordance

-age N  courage 

courageous;encourage ;discourage

cred-相信,将心交给

credence;credo ;creed

credible  incredible

-it N  credit

ul 富于 ous adj  credulous

2. quittance 收据;免除

-ance/-ancy 抽象N relevabce 

qui-/quit-/quiet-=quiet 安静,休息,清偿

-ude N quietude

quit quite quittance 

ac

 

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1. contact tact 拖拽 

contract with sb

contract between A and B 

co/com/con/col/cor/coun with/together/强调

在b/m/p/f之前 不变 combate 

col 用在L之前 collide

cor 用在r之前correspond

co 用在字母h,gn之前 coherent

con-用在其他辅音之前 concentrate 

tractor

traction

tractive 

trace 

track

train 

trail

abs- 离开 abstract abstraction

extract

ad/at/ag在d/t/g前不变  attract attribute aggregate

detract distract

re- retract

pro- protract

2. expurgate pur/purg 纯净

ex/e-=out of 向外 extinct

pure

purify

purity

-ity N后缀

purge

expurgate

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1. diagonal gon 角

dia =across/through,在元音前A脱落

gram=write diagram  

lect =choose/talk dialect

log=speak dialogue

N+al adj =of like ...的或者像什么

V+al=N  

tri- 三 trigon

ortho-正的,直的 orthogon rectangle

penta-五 pentagon

hexa-六 hexagon

hepta-七 heptagon

octa- 八 octagon

poly- 多 polugon

2. aggregate

agg ad 在字母b/f/g/l/n/p/r/s/t 化为ab/af/ag/al/an/ap/ar/as/at

attribute addhere

greg=group 组、群、收集

congregate 

segregate sb from sb

desegregate

egregious

3. inflate flat=blow 吹

im/in- into 表进入;否定

-us N  flatus 

-or N  flavor 

-ute N flute

-ul 富于...的  -ent adj flatulent 

con- conflate

de-去掉 deflate

inflate 

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  • describe+adhere+
  • scribble
  • script
  • scripture
  • ascribe sth to ssth
  • ascription
  • conscript
  • conscription
  • circumscribe

circumscription

root

1. amin 氨基 deaminate

3. -bris 破开 debris

4. scrib-/script 刻,画,写

5. circum-环形 circumscribe  

6. manu-手 manuscript

7. man-人

8.-fest 击,打,抓住

13. hap-发生,运气,机会 mishap hapless perhaps

14. hazard 风险,危害 haphazard

15. her-/hes-=stick 粘附 cohere coherent cohersion hesitate

fix

1. de- down/reduce/counter/加强

9. post 后面 postscript

10. pre-在前面 prescribe prescription

11.sub 在下面 subscribe;subscriber;subscript;subscription

12. trans-跨越 transcribe

16.in-在内,进入,使  inhere inherent

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review:

  • disperse
  • asperse
  • intersperse
  • authentic
  • autobiography
  • automoblie
  • bookmoblie
  • motivate
  • promoto
  • commotion
  • locomotive
  • mob
  • mobbish
  • mobster
  • abnegate??
  • negate
  • neglect
  • annul??
  • exhibit
  • negligence???
  • enumerate
  • extinct
  • extinction
  • extinguisher
  • habit-habitual-habituate
  • habitable -habitation-habitant-cohabit
  • habitat
  • inhabit
  • inhibit
  • prohibit
  • uninhibited

ROOT:

1. spers=scatter 散开

2. hen=to prepare achieve

3. mob/mot/moblie=to move

4. loco-地方

5. neg=to deny 否定,拒绝

6. null- 无,零

7. habit-=hibit-=hold,保持、居住、拿住

fix

1. dis

  • apart  dis+c/p/r/s/t;di+l/m/r/v;dif
  • +V to undo disagree
  • +N lack of =N
  • +N to remove =V
  • +adj NOT 

2. auto-自己

  • +元音字母和H=aut authentic
  • auth auth

3. ab-/ad- 朝,向,去

4. ex-=out 向外、分离;ex-/ef-/e-

1. -ile 属于....的

2. -ive 表物 locamotive

3. -ish ....的  mobbish

4. -ster  表人 mobster

5.-ate

  • N+=adj  of   liking  像....的
  • N/V/adj+=V 

N+= to produce  /to treat with

V+=只表明词性或加强词义

adj+=to become 成为.....

    =N 表人,职位,职权,总称
 

 

 

      

 

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counteract

counterfeit

clockwise

counterclockwise

counterpoise

enact

colony

parliament

transact

react

majesty

lax

laxity

density

majestic

majority

minority

mag

magnanimous  

magnificent=splendid

command

demand

mandate

remand

immediate

middle

amid

midriff

median

madieval

meddle

fix

counter- against 

act-/ag- 做;驱使  

poise-peis=weight 

en- 使....

trans-转移  

-ty/-ity N 词后缀

-estic adj词后缀

maj-/mag-majes great

anim 灵魂,精神

mand order

 

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prefix+root+sufix

reimmburse

disburse

bourse

bursar burser   

  1. 元音之间可以互换
  2. 辅音之间可互换:p/b;k/g/c/qu;f/v;s/z/x/th
  3. C与S之间可互换

root:

fact=feac=feas制作

burse=purse 钱

fix:

re- back (reverse);again(review);against(rebel)

in- 进入(into);否定(可与un/il/ir互换) 

dis/de- apart (discren);not (disagree);lack of (disadvantage);remove(discarm)

ible 可

mis-/mix-混在一起

-ous/aneous adj (miscellaneous)

 

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